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Hagerstown Community College / HCC

Academic Catalog

2022-2023 Catalog 
    Mar 03, 2024  
2022-2023 Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Medical Laboratory Technician, A.A.S.

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Purpose:  Prepares students for practice as entry-level medical laboratory technicians in hospital clinical laboratories, commercial clinical laboratories, physician offices, and public health laboratories.  Upon successful completion of the program, graduates may be eligible to take the Medical Laboratory Technician certification examination through the American Society of Clinical Pathology (ASCP).   

View the Medical Laboratory Technician, A.A.S. Fee Sheet. 

Curriculum: The curriculum is divided into several areas of study and consists of didactic, laboratory, and clinical components to provide students with the entry-level knowledge and skill required of the medical laboratory profession. The curriculum will address pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical components of laboratory services.  This includes collecting, processing, and analyzing biological specimens and other substances, principles and methodologies, performance of assays, problem-solving, troubleshooting techniques, significance of clinical procedures and results, principles and practices of quality assessment, for all major areas practiced in the clinical laboratory setting. 

Program Outcomes:  Graduates of the Associate of Applied Science degree in Medical Laboratory Technician program be able to:

  1. Demonstrate entry-level competency for specimen analysis in hematology, coagulation, clinical chemistry, immunology, immunohematology, microbiology, urine/body fluid analysis, and laboratory operations according to established protocols and procedures.
  2. Demonstrate technical skills, social behavior, and professional awareness as defined by the American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science and the American Society of Clinical Pathologists.
  3. Exhibit compliance in the application of safety and governmental regulations in handling chemical and biological materials.
  4. Exhibit legal and ethical behavior which adheres to the professional conduct standards for clinical laboratories.
  5. Demonstrate critical thinking skills for problem-solving in laboratory and clinical settings.
  6. Demonstrate professional and ethical conduct in all forms of communication with patients, laboratory personnel, and other healthcare professionals.
  7. Recognize the importance of continued professional development to demonstrate professional competence and growth as a healthcare professional.

Admission Requirements:

  • A high school diploma or GED.
  • As a cohort program, students will be admitted to the medical laboratory technician program each Fall semester
  • An orientation session will be held prior to the beginning of the first semester of the medical technician program. Attendance is mandatory. 

Program Requirements:

All medical laboratory technician students must:

  1. Complete all medical laboratory technician courses with a grade of “C” (75%) or higher.

  2. Meet program competency requirements in both the laboratory and clinical practicum experiences.

Students who do not meet program or course standards that result in termination from the medical laboratory technician program by the College are not eligible for readmission to the program. This includes students who cannot meet safety standards and students who violate the College’s Honor Code and Standards of Conduct, the medical laboratory technician’s Standards of Conduct, and the American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science Code of Ethics. 

Fact Sheet:

Program Pathway

First Year Fall   First Year Spring
Course Number Course Name Credits   Course Number Course Name Credits
BIO 116

Human Anatomy & Physiology for Allied Health

4   BIO 205 Microbiology 4
CHM 101 Introductory College Chemistry 4   MLT 110 Hematology & Hemostasis 4
ENG 112 Technical Writing 3   MLT 111 Immunology & molecular Diagnostics 3
MAT114 Introduction to Applied Algebra 3   MLT 112 Clinical Chemistry 4
MLT 101 Introduction to Medical Laboratory Technician 3        
TOTAL   17   TOTAL   15
Second Year Fall   Second Year Spring
Course Number Course Name Credits   Course Number Course Name Credits
MLT 202 Clinical Microbiology 4   MLT 210C MLT Clinical Practicum 8
MLT 203 Urinalysis & Body Fluids 2   Gen Ed Arts/Humanities 3
MLT 204 Mycology, Parasitology & Virology 2   Gen Ed Diversity 3
MLT 205 Immunohematology/Serology 3   COM 103
COM 108
Public Speaking
Introduction to Human Communications
Gen Ed Behavioral/Social Sciences 3        
TOTAL   14   TOTAL   17

General Education Requirements (19 Credits)


Behavioral/Social Sciences



*A minimum grade of “C” or better is required for ENG-112

Degree Requirements (63 Credits)

Final Acceptance

Final acceptance into the medical laboratory technician program is contingent upon the following criteria. Students unable to meet these criteria will be withdrawn from the program.

  1. Students are required to attend a mandatory orientation session.
  2. Students must be able to meet the program’s technical standards.
  3. Students must have a current American Heart Association BLS Provider certification or American Red Cross BLS for Healthcare Providers certification.
  4. Satisfactory completion of a health examination record and all required tests and immunizations.

Criminal Background Checks

Students must pass a criminal background check in order to proceed through the program and prior to beginning the clinical practicum. Criminal background check results are disclosed to clinical facilities as required. If a student is denied access to a clinical site because of the background check, and as a result, cannot meet program requirements, the student will be recommended for dismissal from the program. 

Drug Screen

Students may be required by a clinical site to submit a drug screen. Drug screen results are disclosed to clinical facilities as required. 

Clinical Practicum Site Placement

Student placement in clinical sites is determined at a designated semester. Misconduct in the assigned clinical site may result in loss of clinical site placement and/or recommendation for program dismissal. 

Technical Standards

There are technical standards and skill requirements which students are expected to possess and demonstrate in order to be sucessful in this program. More information on these standards can be found on the Web page for this program.

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